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Upgrades for 2014

Each weekend, racers whose average handicaps have dropped out of the minimum for their class are listed here. They are upgraded, after official approval at the following MACC meeting.

The list here shows the handicap (HC), the minimum HC for the old class, and the new class for the racer. If you are not already in the open Elite class, getting an upgrade is the ultimate honor in the MACC. Congratulations!

After Race 11

March 9, 2014. One season-final upgrade.

Racer                 Type    Bib   Club  HC    Old   Min   New

Renee Cherette          GS    183   TR    59.69 BW    60    AW

After Race 9

February 24, 2014. Three upgrades.

Racer                 Type    Bib   Club  HC    Old   Min   New

Katelyn Aitken          GS    6     SN    43.86 AW    45    E2W
Stephanie Buttrey       GS    119   AA    70.13 CW    75    BW
Debi Koltoniak          GS    47    TO    73.48 CW    75    BW

After Race 7

February 9, 2014. One upgrade.

Racer                 Type    Bib   Club  HC    Old   Min   New

Sandy Stober            GS    161   TO    71.81 CW    75    BW

After Race 4

January 27, 2014. Four upgrades.

Racer                 Type    Bib   Club  HC    Old   Min   New

Bill Arthurs            GS    184   SD    14.67 VE1M  15    E
Foster Butler           GS    14    JD    24.62 VE2M  25    VE1M
Barbara Chiappetta      GS    104   TO    86.97 DW    90    CW
Paul Williams           GS    84    SN    24.92 VE2M  25    VE1M

After Race 2

January 14, 2014. Four upgrades.

Racer                 Type    Bib   Club  HC    Old   Min   New

Susan Benivegna         GS    9     TO    73.72 CW    75    BW
Pat Groves              GS    199   TO    89.23 DW    90    CW
Tom Klaban              GS    207   TB    24.36 VE2M  25    VE1M
Sandy Stober            GS    161   TO    84.38 DW    90    CW

MACC Handicaps

A handicap system is used to place MACC racers in appropriate ability classes, and to determine when racers should upgrade or downgrade to different classes.

MACC Class definitions
Handicap Calculations (pt 1)
Handicap Calculations (pt 2)

Handicap Theory (PDF)


The handicaps are determined largely by past histories of most of the racers competing on a course. Pacesetters provide quality control, and influence the handicaps of racers who are much faster or much slower than the average racer for the course.

Calculating and Reporting Handicaps

Handicaps are computed for all race times. However, the handicaps shown in the results on a race day are subject to adjusment and are not considered "final" until after the first MACC meeting that follows the race.

Handicaps are calculated using different equations for the first and second run, in order to compensate for differing course conditions. Therefore, identical times on the first and second runs can result in different handicaps.